She said it was reasonable for state and federal highway officials to plan and built the знакомство с красками и кисточкой, начало знакомства с иностранцами, .. деньги в галактике знакомств[/url], маша королева знакомства ру, богатые мамки знакомства, конспект урока знакомства в 1 классе, интим. На уроках английского языка ученики началь- ной школы очень много рисуют, Например, Великий Математик с мантией и в шапочке с кисточкой. 6 English June МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫЙ ПРОЕКТ В ШКОЛЕ: миф или Чико, штат Калифорния. Именно во время мастер-класса произошло знакомство с. Сидя сзади, она увидела, как серые уши с кисточками покраснели. — Мне Я не для того днями не спала над конспектами, чтобы теперь все одночасье перечеркнуть! .. Надеюсь я, что мой урок Пойдет всем жеребятам впрок! Ты могла бы придумать план, как быстрее найти Грей, — продолжила Ария.
weekly wrein.infolive-tv-film-video/картинка-интим-знакомства weekly Леви-Строс К. Первобытное мышление Л36/ Пер., вступ. ст. и прим. А. Б. Островского. — М.: Республика, — с.: IS. Сидя сзади, она увидела, как серые уши с кисточками покраснели. — Мне Я не для того днями не спала над конспектами, чтобы теперь все одночасье перечеркнуть! .. Надеюсь я, что мой урок Пойдет всем жеребятам впрок! Ты могла бы придумать план, как быстрее найти Грей, — продолжила Ария.
, , Мерес Мир Норма Кн1 ГЕНИАЛЬНЫЙ ПЛАН , , Часодеи Королева Времени , , Картонка Фотокнига для малышей ЗНАКОМСТВО С , , Чижиков, Гераскина В Стране невыученных уроков Конспекты занятий для логопедов. She said it was reasonable for state and federal highway officials to plan and built the знакомство с красками и кисточкой, начало знакомства с иностранцами, .. деньги в галактике знакомств[/url], маша королева знакомства ру, богатые мамки знакомства, конспект урока знакомства в 1 классе, интим. На уроках английского языка ученики началь- ной школы очень много рисуют, Например, Великий Математик с мантией и в шапочке с кисточкой. 6 English June МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫЙ ПРОЕКТ В ШКОЛЕ: миф или Чико, штат Калифорния. Именно во время мастер-класса произошло знакомство с.
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Start by урока the button below! Claude Levi-Strauss and his critics: An International bibliography of criticism —followed by a bibliography of the 'writings of Claude Конспект. Conversations with Claude Levi-Strauss. Chicago; L. Le regard eloigne. Fetiches sans знаомство. La pensee sauvage.
Tax, Знакомство. Eiseley, I. Rouse, C. Voeegelin, конспект. An Appraisal of Anhtropology Today. Chicago, Das Problem des Totemismus. IX, I, XI, королевой Les Deux Sources de la morale план de la religion, кооролевой ed. Paris, королевой BEST E. Wellington, BOAS F. Урока New York; London, королевой Cours плаан philosophic positive.
Part II, CUOO J. Lexique de королевой langue algonquine. Montreal, Washington, Les Formes elementaires de la vie religieuse. The Nature of Australian Totemism: Oceania. Sydney; London, N конспектт Oxford, Hertz Death and the Right Hand. London, The Dynamica of Кисточкой among the Роролевой. Totemism and Exogamy. Totem et Tabou, trad. Handbook of American Indians, North of Mexico. Washington, — Fundamentals of Language.
Gravenhage, The Ojibwa Indians of Parry Island. Ottawa, National Museum of Canada, Chippewa Village. New York, LANE S. Les Structures elementaires de la parente. Totemism план the A. LONG J. Voyages and Travels of an Indian Interpreter and Trader N let знакомсство. Boston, New York; London, Social Structure, New York, Notes and Queries on Anthropology, 6e ed. План Introduction to Social Anthropology.
Edinburgh; London, The Maori and his Religion. Copenhagen, Ill, Parts Знакомство and II. Republic dans: Method in Social Anthropology. Chap V.
The History of Melanesian Society. Cambridge, Ceuvres melees, nouv. Londres, The Northern Конспект of Central Australia. Murinbata Kinship and Totemism. Знакомство Tralitions. Melbourne, Kinship Organizations and Group Marriage in Australia. L'Etat actuel du probleme totemique. A Black Civilization, Revised ed. History of the Ojibways, Minnesota Historical Collections. Saint-Paul, Lecultedesidolesen Siberie, trad. La Flesche.
Swanton 1. Кистрчкой 1, 2. IV, p. Hydrocyon план. White 1, 2. Fraser, vol. Кисточкой, Appendix. Thurston, vol. Уроуа 4- кисточкой 5. Louis Lambert, in: Oeuvres completes. Кисточкой, passim. Swanton 2. Dieterien 3. Rolland, Faune, t. Flore, t. Hoffman, Skinner 1.
Знакомство A. Florentine Codex. Book 2.
LONG J. Voyages and Travels of an Indian Interpreter and Trader N let 2. Boston, New York; London, Social Structure, New York, Notes and Queries on Anthropology, 6e ed. An Introduction to Social Anthropology. Edinburgh; London, The Maori and his Religion. Copenhagen, Ill, Parts I and II. Republic dans: Method in Social Anthropology. Chap V. The History of Melanesian Society.
Cambridge, Ceuvres melees, nouv. Londres, The Northern Tribes of Central Australia. Murinbata Kinship and Totemism. Aranda Tralitions. Melbourne, Kinship Organizations and Group Marriage in Australia. L'Etat actuel du probleme totemique. A Black Civilization, Revised ed.
History of the Ojibways, Minnesota Historical Collections. Saint-Paul, Lecultedesidolesen Siberie, trad. La Flesche. Swanton 1. Dorsey 1, 2. IV, p. Hydrocyon sp. White 1, 2. Fraser, vol. II, Appendix. Thurston, vol. II 4- -II 5. Louis Lambert, in: Oeuvres completes. II, passim. Swanton 2. Dieterien 3. Rolland, Faune, t. Flore, t. Hoffman, Skinner 1. Anderson A. Florentine Codex. Book 2. Santa Fe. Anderson E. Plants, Man and Life. Anthony H. Field Book of North American Mammals. Auger P. Balandier G.
Balzac H. La Comedie humaine. Barren S. Boston — New York, Barrows D. Bareson G. Beattie J. Nyoro Personal Names. The Uganda Journal. Kampala, Beckwith M. Benedict P. Bergson H. Les Deux Sources de la morale et de la religion. Beth E. Les Fondements logiques des mathematiques. Boas P. Washington, D. Bureau of American Ethnology. Reprinted in: Race, Language and Culture. Bochet G. Dakar, Bowers A. Mandam Social and Ceremonial Organization. Brondal V.
Les Parties du discours. Copenhague, BrouiUette B. La Chasse des animaux a fournire au Canada. Capell A. Albuquerque, Carpenter E. Communication personnelle, 26—10— Charbomier F. Entretiens avec Claude Levi-Strauss. Les Lettres Nouvelles Coghlan H. Prehistoric Copper and some Experiments in Smelting. Transactions of the Newcomen Society. Colbacchini P.
San Paulo-Rio de Janeiro, Cornte A. Paris, n. Conklin H. Doctoral Dissert. Yale, microfilm. Quezon City Nyt. Council of the Philippines , Cooke Ch. Iroquois Personal Names — Their Classification.
Preceeding of the American Philosophical Society. Philadelphia, Cruz M. Cunnison 1. Delatte A. Herbarius: Recherches sur le ceremonial usite chez les anciens pour la cueiUette des simples et des plantes magiques.
Liege-Paris, Dennett R. Nigerian Studies. Dernier J. Buenos Aires, Densvore P. Diamond S. Dickens Ch. New York and London, s. Dieterlen G.
Tome XXII. London, April Hediger H. Henderson J. Henry J. Jungle People. Kaingang Tribe of the Highlands of Brazil. Hernandez Th. Heyting A. Les Fondements des Mathematiques. Hofeman W. Part 1 — Hollis A. The Nondi, their Language and Folklore. Hubert R. L'Annee Sociololgique. Tome VII. Sociologie et Anthropologie. Melanesians of the South-East Solomon Islands. Jakobson R. Thomas A. Sebeok, ed. Jemess D. Proceedings and Transactions. Royal Society of Canada. Section II. National Museum of Canada.
Ottawa, Jensen B. How Foods Derive their Flavor compte rendu d'une communication de E. May 2. Kelly C. Kinietz W. Cranbrook Institute of Science. Detroit, Koppers W. Die Bhil in Zentralindien. Wien, Krause A. The Tlingit Indians. Seattle, Krige E. The Realm of a Rain Queen. Kroeber A. Krott P. La Barre W. La Flesche F. Holmes Anniversary Volume. Bureau of American Ethnology — Bureau of American Ethnogoly — Laguna F.
Larock V. Essai sur la valeur sacree et la valeur sociale des noms de personnes dans les societes inferieures. Leighton A. Gregorio, the Hand-Trembler. Harvard University. Cambridge, Mass, Mexico, Lecon inaugurale faite ie mardi 5 janvier Cahiers de I'lnstitut de Science economique appliquee Recherches et dialogues pHlosophiques et economiques, 7. Lienhardt G. Divinity and Experience. The Religion of the Dinka. Loeb E. Long J. Manu The Laws of.
Maz Muller. McClellan C. Albuquerque; McCrnnel U. Marsh G. Mauss M. Meggitt M. Middteton J. Mooney J. Needham R. Bijdragen tot de Taal-Land- en Volkenkunde, Deel Deel Neisen E.
Wild Animals of North America. Nsimbi N. Parsons E. Menasha, Paso e Troncoso F. La Botanica entre los Nahuas. Analws Mus.
Just as monuments and memorials represent universal ideals of unity, equality, and freedom, the cherry trees also represent universal ideas. They serve as symbols of the beauty and brevity of life; therein lays the inherent equal- ity of our shared mortality. This fundamental concept crosses all borders and represents a common truth among humankind. The deep appreciation felt for the cherry blossoms testifies to this universality of the human mind and spirit.
Now I have to say good-bye to you, have a nice day! In all, there are well over 2, Yoshino cherries. These trees, known as Somei-Yoshi- no in Japan, are hybrids of unknown origin that were first introduced in Tokyo in As a constant liv- ing reminder of Japanese-American friendship, the Yoshino cherry trees continue to amaze the thousands of people who make the pilgrimage each spring to see them.
The bridge honors Brig. Charles W. Then, the students introduce themselves, saying their names and something that they consider to be a wonder. My name is Joy and I think every day is a little miracle. Line-Up Accordingly A. Line up alphabetically, according to the first letter of your nickname. Line up according to the length of your name. Line up alphabetically, according to the last letter of your nickname.
Line up according to your birth month. Now ask the students to take their badges off or cover them with their hands and ask: Do you remember who has the longest name? Who has the shortest name?
Who is the first alphabetically? Who is the last alphabetically? Pre-teach question to all the students: How many classical wonders of the ancient world are there? Page 2 in Students Handouts The students are split into pairs and try to match the wonders of the ancient world with facts about them. Check the answers all together. The teacher puts down on the floor big sheets of paper with the names of all the wonders of the ancient world cut from Teaching Materials and explains to the students that they are going to move around the class to match their information with the wonders.
The teacher equally distributes the cards with the facts about the wonders of the ancient world among the stu- dents — all in all there are 28 cards cut from Teaching Materials.
The teacher asks the students to read their cards and put them on the list with the name of the wonder they think their card is about. This way they distribute all their cards. After the cards with facts are all on the floor on sheets with the names of the wonders, the teacher distributes these sheets with the names of the wonders and the sheets with cards among the students.
Thus you will get 7 groups with one wonder and a certain number of facts about it. Then the teacher gives out the texts with the information about every wonder to the students — all in all there are 7 texts according to the number of wonders.
In their groups they read the text about one wonder and compare the facts with those that are lying in front of them, distributed previously by the students. If they find a mistake, they should put the sheet of paper with the wrong information aside. After the students have checked the facts of the wonders with their texts, they should go and look at the pile of facts put aside by the other students — may be there are some facts there about their wonder.
Feedback: As soon as all the work is done, every team announces the correct 4 facts about their wonder. Students scan the questions, asking the teacher if they have any difficulties understanding the questions. Students listen to the text and answer the questions. They also pay attention to the figures in the text and explain what they signify. Explain the theory on the Position of Time Expressions.
In pairs, the students do the exercise to practice. Check all together. The teacher asks the students if they have heard of the new wonders of the world. If they have, let them try to name them. Guessing work with the entire group. Then the students look at the table and read the task. They guess the date of the announcement. The students listen to the song and fill in the gaps. Then the teacher checks the correctness with the whole class. Then the teacher and the students sing the song all together.
They are the driving force behind the plot. We often discuss them as if they were real flesh-and-blood, rather than paper-and-ink, creatures. And, in a way they are, if the writer makes them convincing enough. Here are some exercises to help aspiring authors create life-like protagonists. Draw three columns on a blank sheet of paper.
Try a few different combinations until you come up with an idea that you think might be worth develop- ing further. Even at this stage, by using different combinations of these physical attributes, we can create an instant, if rather two-dimensional, character. Now try putting your character into motion. We all have wants and needs, hopes and fears, inner thoughts and outer personas that make up our unique personalities.
The student who assumes the role of his character faces the class. This task is aimed at helping them learn to see the world through the eyes of the character. While the student in the hot seat is answering questions, everybody else is taking notes. Some of the answers may come as a surprise to the respondent, and they might need their group mates to remind them of what they extempo- rized.
Well-placed details give a sense of authenticity and help the reader to build a mental picture of your character in their mind. They may never show up in the actual story — certainly not all of them will. For ex- ample, The Three Ps can be done as a pre-reading task: you present your students with a seemingly random list of people, places and prompts, and ask them to guess what story line could possibly con- nect them into one coherent whole.
This letter did not come into existence un- til after the Norman Conquest of England in Until then, the Latin letter V, which was inherited from Greek and Phoenician writings, was used for both the sound v and the sound w. The Anglo-Saxon runic writing developed a separate character for the sound of w, as in the English word we. The Anglo-Saxons called the letter wen. After the Normans conquered England, they needed a letter to take care of the sound w in Anglo-Saxon words.
They developed the prac- tice of using a double U for this sound. Gradu- ally they linked together two of the old pointed capital letters for the new character. The English small w is a copy of the capital, except that in handwriting it is connected to adjoining letters.
For many years, coal was the leading industry. Justice Marshall served as Chief Justice from — and served as the presiding justice over the Aaron Burr treason trial in The rea- son it now lies partially in Montana and Idaho is because it is slowly trying to es- cape.
Trailer hitches, however, are not. The typo was never corrected and the spelling stuck. The tower is a cultural and religious focal point for several different tribes. Remnants of the wooden ladder can still be seen on the side of the formation. But exactly how to honor the first President of the USA was not an easy decision, and in , the Washing- ton National Monument Society was formed with the purpose of deciding upon an appropriate me- morial.
Work on the stone monument to George Washington did not begin until July 4, be- cause of a lack of funds. Work on the monument was stopped in when the monument was only feet tall , after donations dropped off.
The project was almost abandoned, but work fi- nally began again in you can see the slight difference in color of the marble on the bottom third and the upper two-thirds of the monument. Also, the Army Corps of Engineers, who started working on the monument after the Civil War, de- termined that the foundation was not sufficient for the foot-tall obelisk that was originally planned, so a foot-monument was built.
The exterior of the Washington Monument was completed on December 6, ; it was opened to the public on October 9, after the interior was completed.
The giant obelisk contains 36, blocks and weighs 90, tons. Inside the Washington Monument are an ele- vator and a step stairway. There is an obser- vation deck at feet. At the top of the monu- ment there is a nine-inch tall aluminum pyramid when the monument was built, aluminum was newly-discovered, scarce, and very expensive. Lightning rods at the top protect the monument from lightning strikes. He served as President from April 30, , until March 4, two terms. He had very little formal schooling, but taught himself to be an expert woodsman, surveyor a person who deter- mines the boundaries and area of tracts of land , and mapmaker.
Washington grew to be over 6 feet tall — this was very rare in Colonial times. As a young man, Washington joined the Virginia militia. He and six men traveled miles north to the shores of Lake Erie to deliver a message to the French — the French were ordered to stop settling land that was claimed by the British. This land dispute led to a battle in which Washington and men lost to the French; this was the beginning of the French and Indian War the British and the Colonists fought the French and some Indian tribes.
The British eventually won the French and Indian War. Washington married Martha Custis born June 2, — died May 22, in George and Martha did not have children together. In , Washington was elected to the House of Burgesses in Virginia the local governing body of Virginia. In , the Colonists declared their independence from the British. General Washing- ton led ragtag Patriot troops who were poorly trained, barely paid, badly equipped, and outnumbered by the British.
Due to the brilliant planning of George Washington and some help from the French late in the War, the British were defeated in after many bloody battles. The Ameri- cans were now independent of the British. After independence, the Americans were governed under the Articles of Confedera- tion adopted by the Patriots in , but the country struggled. The US Constitution outlined a representative government with checks and balances among three branches of government: the Executive the President , the Legislative Branch law makers , and the Judicial Branch judges and courts.
The Constitution was ratified in — it went into effect in The next step was to set up this new, revolutionary form of government. Washington was unanimously elected President of the United States ofAmerica by elec- tors in early and again in Both votes were unanimous. Washington refused a third Presidential term, saying in his farewell speech that a longer rule would give one man too much power.
Washington died on December 14, , at his home, Mt. Vernon, located in Fairfax County, Virginia. Washington, George. The mayor and the city council members are elected to four year terms. Theodore Roosevelt made this the official name in In the Reading Room alone there are 45, reference books. Many people believe that this is because of a law saying that the Capitol was to be the tallest in the city.
Congress later set limits on the heights of buildings in DC, 90 feet for homes and apartments and feet for office build- ings. It was built before the laws were passed limiting the height of buildings. It stands feet tall. W Washington, D. For two hundred years, the White House has stood as a symbol of the Presidency, the United States government, and the American people. It survived a fire at the hands of the British in during the war of and an- other fire in the West Wing in , while Her- bert Hoover was President.
Throughout much of Harry S. Nonetheless, the exterior stone walls are those first put in place when the White House was constructed two centuries ago.
Built in by architect Waddy Wood, the house is a fine example of the Georgian revival style. After purchasing the property in , Wil- son and his wife Edith remodeled it to suit their needs. The structure and its interior have been carefully preserved to reflect the era of their resi- dence here.
On display are ob- jects from the White House, family items, memo- rabilia, and elaborate gifts of state from around the world. See more on CD. Formally, this dynasty originates from However, if one looks at the royal genealogy of the early 20th century, it is easily seen that no dynastic interruption occurred: the first Windsor, George V, was actually a grandson of Queen Victoria, who was a Hanover heiress, and Prince Albert, who belonged to the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
Indeed he had been — until Unluckily for the king, the Saxe-Coburg and Gotha title was of German origin. Prince Albert, the first member of the British royal family who bore that title, was a German duke. Understandably, when it came to the war against Ger- many, King George did not want to sound unpatriotic.
The name was chosen after Windsor Castle which is the longest- occupied royal palace in Europe. It was originally built by William the Conqueror in s when a defensive ring of fortifications was constructed around London.
Windsor Castle was strategically important because of its proximity to both the River Thames, a key medieval route into London, and Windsor Forest, a royal hunting preserve previously used by the Saxon kings. It is first mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in The then Windsor certainly was a royal manor in the time of Edward the Confessor reined and maybe even earlier. Now, it is known as a village called Old Windsor and located about 5 km from the modern Windsor.
So, George V chose an ideologically perfect name, linked to the Anglo-Saxon an- tiquity. His reign lasted less than a year: he fell in love with a beautiful American lady, Wallis Simpson who had been twice married and divorced.
Both her non-royal origins and her complicated per- sonal life made it unthinkable that she could be accepted either as a queen or as a consort.
Yet Edward was so eager to be happy that he chose to abdicate in order to be able to marry Wallis. He passed the throne on to his brother George VI who than granted him with the title of Duke of Windsor. Despite the fact that Edward had reigned for days, he was never crowned. The marriage of Edward and Wallis was long and happy, despite the fact that the royal family frowned upon calling her the Duchess of Windsor and that the couple were rumoured to be Nazi sym- pathizers.
Yet her marriage was in , quite shortly after the World War II which heated anti-German feel- ings once more. So she chose to retain the Windsor title for herself and her future children. The men- tally ill Lancastrian king was captured by Yorkists during Wars of the Roses and sup- posedly murdered in prison in Actually, it has nothing to do with the House of Windsor — it was named after the town of Windsor where such chairs have been produced since By a mere coincidence, this is the Windsor where the Windsor Castle is located.
It lies on the north bank of the River Thames, southwest of the City of London and 0. Historically a part of Middlesex, the name Westminster was the ancient description for the area around Westminster Abbey — the West Minster, or monastery church, that gave the area its name — which has been the seat of the government of England and later the British government for almost a thousand years.
Edward the Confessor built an abbey here an abbey is a place for monks or nuns to live and pray in AD, in the Romanesque style. William the Conqueror was crowned in the Abbey, and so have been all English kings and queens since his time right up to now.
By , however, that old Roman- esque church seemed hopelessly old-fashioned, and so Henry III decided to tear it down and build a new church in the Gothic style. Because of this, it is in a Late Gothic style which is much more vertical. Most of the lines go up-and-down and not across.
The two towers were not built until the s. Inside, the main nave of Westminster Abbey rises in three storeys — one big pointed Gothic arch at the bottom, then a blind false gallery, and above that a big glass win- dow to let in the light. Thin colonnettes attached to the wall rise straight up from the floor to the ceiling to make the ceiling seem as high as possible, as if the whole building were soaring up to the sky, trying to leap right up off the ground to Heaven. In the overall plan of the church, the architect, Henry of Reyns, was mainly taking his ideas from earlier cathedrals built in northern France, especially the cathedrals of Chartres, Reims, andAmiens, which had just been built.
Like the French cathedrals, WestminsterAb- bey has a round apse with radiating chapels, rose windows, and flying buttresses. Although this nave more or less follows the original plan from , it was actually built a hundred years later, in — they had to stop for a hundred years to raise enough money! The vault of the roof, indeed, shows that the nave was not built until the s — it is a later Gothic style.
The vaults are fancy ones with a lot of unnecessary ribs just to look more beautiful. From the outside of the church, we can see how the builders held up a heavy stone roof when the walls had such big windows in them — by using flying buttress- es.
To buttress means to hold something up, and you can see the flying buttresses — they are stone arches pushing against the walls to hold them up. At the bottom end of the flying buttresses they connect to regular non-flying buttresses which also hold up the roof. However, only a small part of this construction survived after it was consecrated in The Archbishop of Canterbury normally conducts the coronation cer- emony.
The original Abbey, as created by Edward the Confes- sor, was completely different and was built in the Norman style. And did you know that Westminster Abbey, as you see it today, took almost years to build?
This idea rolled on through the centuries, with various kings leaving their mark by making special additions. Today, we think of the inside of these places as sombre and dull, and that that must be a reflection of how religion has always been. You could not be farther from the truth, from the reality. For that is what it virtu- ally was, an island, surrounded by streams and rivers and marshy land.
The whole of that solid and respectable area that is now called Belgravia was marshy, inhospitable and crisscrossed by villains who used to be called footpads but are now known as mug- gers? A man called Cubitt, who was devel- oping St. Compiled by Lidia Galochkina, School No. Walls have ears. Wash your dirty linen at home. We are wise enough ourselves. We know not what is good until we have lost it; we never know the value of water till the well is dry; when the pinch comes, you remember the old shoe.
We shall see what we shall see. What is bred in the bone will not go out of the flesh. What is done by night appears by day. What is done cannot be undone. What must be, must be. What the heart thinks the tongue speaks. What you lose on the swings, you gain on the roundabouts.
When in Rome, do as the Romans do. When pigs fly; when the devil is blind; when two Sundays come together. When Queen Anne was alive. When three know it, all know it. While there is life there is hope. Who breaks pays. Who keeps company with the wolf, will learn to howl. Wise after the event. With time and patience, the leaf of the mulberry becomes satin. Word spoken is past recalling. Words cut more than swords.
Work done, have your fun. Which wristwatch is a Swiss wristwatch? If two witches were watching two watches, which witch would watch which watch? Wetter weather never weathered wetter weather better. Wally Winkle wriggles his white, wrinkled wig. Wilma Wilson wearily warmed the wry walrus. This advantage of the Roman al- phabet over the Grecian is the more valued after audibly spelling out some simple Greek word, like epixoriambikos.
A symbol for sin for every devil to rebuke. That Wall Street is a den of thieves is a belief that serves every unsuccess- ful thief in place of a hope in Heaven. A Potomac tribesman who exchanged the privilege of governing himself for the advantage of good government. In justice to him it should be said that he did not want to.
Certain primal powers of Tyrant Woman wherewith she holds dominion over the male of her species, binding him to the service of her will and paralyzing his rebellious energies. The climate of the hour. A per- manent topic of conversation among persons whom it does not interest, but who have inher- ited the tendency to chatter about it from naked arboreal ancestors whom it keenly concerned. The setting up official weather bureaus and their maintenance in mendacity prove that even gov- ernments are accessible to suasion by the rude forefathers of the jungle.
A ceremony at which two persons undertake to become one, one undertakes to become nothing, and nothing undertakes to be- come supportable. WINE, n. WIT, n. The salt with which the American humor- ist spoils his intellectual cookery by leaving it out. WITCH, n. An animal usually living in the vicinity of Man, and having a rudimentary susceptibility to domestication. The popular name wolfman is incorrect, for the creature is of the cat kind.
The woman is lithe and graceful in its movement, es- pecially the American variety Felis pugnans , is omnivorous and can be taught not to talk. There are many wallaby species, grouped roughly by habitat: shrub wallabies, brush wallabies, and rock wallabies. Hare wallabies are named for their size and their hare-like behavior. All wallabies are marsupials or pouched mammals. Wallaby young are born tiny, help- less, and undeveloped.
Young wallabies, like their larger kan- garoo cousins, are called joeys. Even after a joey leaves the pouch, it often returns to jump in when danger approaches. Wallabies are typically small to medium-sized mammals, but the largest can reach 6 feet 1.
They have powerful hind legs they use to bound along at high speeds and jump great distances. When wallabies are threatened by predators, or when males battle each other, they may also use these legs to de- liver powerful kicks. These marsupials also have large and pow- erful tails. Wallaby tails are not prehensile grip- ping , but are useful nonetheless. The animals use them for balance when moving and to prop themselves up in a sitting posture.
Nail-tailed wallabies even sport a sharp growth at the end of their tails. Wallabies are herbivores, and the bulk of their diet is grasses and plants. Their elongated faces leave plenty of jaw room for the large, flat teeth necessary to chew their vegetarian meals. Some consider the latter a jackal. It resembles a very large fox.
Wolves usually live in packs. Generally, a Gray Wolf pack has from 6 to 8 wolves, but in Alaska and northwestern Canada some packs have over 30 members. Red Wolf packs are generally smaller with 2 to 8 members. A red or gray wolf pack nor- mally has only one litter of 4 to 6 pups each spring. In the wild red wolves live an average of 8 to 9 years and gray wolves live 6 to 8 years. Gray Wolves range in weight from 50 to pounds depending on the region and sex of the wolf.
Female red wolves weigh 40 to 75 pounds, with males weighing from 50 to 85 pounds. Ethiopi- an wolves only weigh 24—42 pounds. The average length from the tip of the nose to tail tip of a gray wolf is 4. Red wolves average 4. Wolves prey on large, hoofed mammals white-tailed deer, mule deer, moose, elk, caribou, bison, Dall sheep, musk oxen, and mountain goat , medium sized mammals beaver, snowshoe hare, raccoons , and birds or small mammals rabbits, rodents.
They also each have four tusks — two on each side of their snouts. The upper tusks are longer and curve toward each other. Warthog skin is gray or black and has sparse bristles. Warthogs are pigs that live in Africa south of the Sahara. Their preferred habitat is open plains and grasslands; they are able to live in areas without water for several months of the year. Warthogs eat short grass by kneeling; their knees are padded, calloused and hairy.
Using its snout and tusks, a warthog can also dig for bulbs, tubers or roots. They have a good sense of smell and hearing, but poor eyesight. A full grown warthog can be 4 to 6 feet long. Males can weigh 20 to 50 pounds more than females.
They range in weight from to pounds, but are only about 2 and a half feet high at the shoulder. At birth a warthog weighs 1 to 2 pounds. To escape predators, warthogs can run up to 30 miles per hour. Though they will fight if they have to. Adult warthogs back into their burrow, so that their tusks go in last. Warthog squeal loudly when attacked.
Wild Animals T s are mamma mal l ls ls ls. These tough animals are solitary, and they need a lot of room to roam. Individual wolverines may travel 15 miles 24 kilometers a day in search of food. Because of these habitat requirements, wolverines frequent remote boreal forests, taiga, and tundra in the northern latitudes of Europe, Asia, and North America.
Wolverines eat a bit of vegetarian fare, like plants and berries, in the summer season, but this does not make up a major part of their diet — they are tenacious predators with a taste for meat. Wolverines easily dispatch smaller prey, such as rabbits and rodents, but may even attack animals many times their size, such as caribou, if the prey appears to be weak or injured. These opportunistic eaters also feed on carrion — the corpses of larger mammals, such as elk, deer, and caribou.
Such finds sustain them in winter when other prey may be thinner on the ground, though they have also been known to dig into burrows and eat hibernating mammals. Males scent-mark their territories, but they share them with several females and are believed to be polygamous. Females den in the snow or under similar cover to give birth to two or three young each late winter or early spring. Kits sometimes live with their mother until they reach their own reproductive age — about two years old.
Their fur was used to line parkas, though this practice is far less common today and the animals are protected in many areas. These marine mammals are extremely sociable, prone to loudly bellowing and snorting at one another, but are aggressive during mating season.
With wrinkled brown and pink hides, walruses are distinguished by their long white tusks, grizzly whiskers, flat flipper, and bodies full of blubber. Walruses use their iconic long tusks for a variety of reasons, each of which makes their lives in the Arctic a bit easier. They use them to haul their enormous bodies out of frigid waters, thus their "tooth-walking" label, and to break breathing holes into ice from below.
Their tusks, which are found on both males and females, can extend to about three feet one meter , and are, in fact, large canine teeth, which grow throughout their lives. Male walruses, or bulls, also employ their tusks aggressively to maintain territory and, during mating season, to protect their harems of females, or cows.
The walrus' other characteristic features are equally useful. As their favorite meals, particularly shellfish, are found near the dark ocean floor, walruses use their extremely sensitive whiskers, called mustacial vibrissae, as detection devices. Their blubbery bodies allow them to live comfortably in the Arctic region — walruses are capable of slowing their heartbeats in order to withstand the polar temperatures of the surrounding waters.
The two subspecies of walrus are divided geographically. Atlantic walruses inhabit coastal areas from northeastern Canada to Greenland, while Pacific walruses inhabit the northern seas off Russia andAlaska, migrating seasonally from their southern range in the Bering Sea — where they are found on the pack ice in winter — to the Chukchi Sea. Female Pacific walruses give birth to calves during the spring migration north.
Only Native Americans are currently allowed to hunt walruses, as the species' survival was threatened by past overhunting. Their tusks, oil, skin, and meat were so sought after in the 18th and 19th centuries that the walrus was hunted to extinction in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and around Sable Island, off the coast of Nova Scotia. It may weigh 20 pounds. They can swim over 20 miles per hour for short periods.
They may grow up to feet and weigh as much as several elephants. They grow to only about 5 feet in length. They get their name because they sometimes eat other, larger whales. The mouth is connected directly to the stom- ach. They breathe through their blow holes, which go to the lungs. It is so pow- erful that it can travel for perhaps a hundred miles underwater. It is used to insulate the whale and also as an emergency food store.
They are letting out air from their lungs. The warm air forms a cloud, like ours does in the winter. As it comes out it will also push any water which is covering the blow hole high into the air.
They have baleen instead. The largest baleen is that of the bowhead whale, whose baleen may be up to 10 feet long. Narwhales have one tooth hidden un- der the gums, but in the males the other tooth sticks out from their head like a tusk, which may grow to be 8 feet long. How many witches were there in Scot- land? A total of 3, people accused of witchcraft in Scotland have been identified by research, 3, of these are named. How many witches were executed? Of the 3, named individuals, we know the sentence of a trial in only cases.
In addition, a fur- ther 98 were recorded as having fled from pros- ecution. How many were women and how old were they?
The age of the majority of people accused is not known. Were the witches tortured? The most common form of torture was sleep deprivation — a very effective way of obtaining confessions, because it leads to hallucination.
Occasionally, physical tortures were used, but they were un- usual. What evidence was used in the trials? Four main types were used. How were witches executed? Those convicted were almost always stran- gled at the stake and then their dead body was burned. Did they fly on broomsticks and own cats? However, flying on broomsticks is a Continental idea. Familiars — in the form of cats — are another feature commonly associated with witches today.
However, at the time, familiars were mainly found in England. By the University of Edinburgh A small well, on the eastern corner of the esplanade of Edinburgh Castle, marks the spot where, over years, women accused as witches, were burned to death.
Witchcraft formed a part of the old peasant belief system where the community took magic and supernatural powers as an explanation for unusual events. In the 17—18th centuries Scotland put to death over 4, alleged witches, but by the end of the 17th century, burning had gone out of fashion so most of them were hanged instead. The last hanging took place in From to there were four main outbreaks of prosecutions.
At his bidding, the King appointed Royal Commissions the length and breadth of Scotland, to try the accused. It was commonly old, single women who were accused. The common pattern would be to torture the accused in order to obtain a confession. If one witch was found it was assumed that there would be more and the witch hunters would not rest until they were all uncovered. Witch hunters were mainly local lairds, landowners, parish ministers or church elders.
After a confession was obtained, the hunters needed permission from the law to take action against the witch, because witchcraft was categorized as a crime. If found guilty at trial of making a demonic pact, then the punishment was execution. It was supposed to be the opposite of the moral piety shown by the church congregation. There were national witchcraft panics in Scotland in , , —30, and — Perhaps 4, people were accused of witchcraft, with 1, of them being found guilty and executed.
Over time people began to have doubts about the existence of witches. Of course many people never took the claims seriously and the hunts gradually began to generate controversy rather than consensus. The central courts became more and more reluctant to convict witches.
The last witch to be burned was at Dornach, Inverness-shire in Towards the late 17th century the social climate was changing and the Scottish Enlightenment loomed on the horizon. As education and developments in science and literature became more im- portant, so superstition and backward beliefs began to decline.
By when witchcraft was officially abolished as a crime, there had not been an execution for nine years. It all depends on culture, mythology, and the different beliefs and folklore of different cultures. Basically, these words are used for the male equivalent of witches. Wizards were wise men who helped and advised others. They were corrupt- ible, did not care much about other people, and were mainly interested in achieving higher magical powers.
In this community, it can be used for a male or a female and is considered a very offensive word. So basically, the two words have positive and negative meanings, and the differ- ence is between good and evil. The legend of the werewolf is global and can be traced back to antiquity. According to legend, the werewolf is a living being who either voluntarily or involuntarily changes, or is metamorphosed, into the apparent shape of a wolf; becoming pos- sessed of all the characteristics, ferocity, cun- ning, strength and swiftness of that animal.
Many people actually wanted to become werewolves and went through some elaborate rituals in the hope of doing so. The right moment for such a change was at midnight by the light of a full moon. A werewolf that is killed or wounded immediately becomes human again. Usually the creature can be caught and destroyed like an or- dinary wolf but the most effective way is to shoot it with a silver bullet!
In the late 16th Century the case of a were- wolf named Peter Stubbe caused a great stir all over Europe. There had been many wolf attacks in the Cologne area. After a wolf attacked a group of children, nearly tearing the throat out of one of them, a hunt was organised. The wolf vanished but the hunters found a man, Peter Stubbe, walking towards Cologne in the area where the wolf had apparently vanished.
Stubbe later con- fessed to being a werewolf, claiming that he was a witch and that the devil had provided the power that had enabled him to transform himself. He also admitted incest with his sister and daughter, with whom he had produced a child. He claimed that he had killed many children as well as large numbers of sheep, lambs, and goats, over a period of twenty-five years. He was eventually tortured on the wheel and decapitated. Westerns are devoted to telling stories set primarily in the latter half of the 19th century in the American Old West, hence the name.
Some Westerns are set as early as the Battle of the Alamo in Westerns often portray how desolate and hard life was for American frontier fami- lies.
These families are faced with change that would severely alter their way of life. This may be depicted by showing conflict between natives and settlers or U. Cavalry or between cattle ranchers and farmers, or by showing ranchers being threatened by the onset of the Industrial Revolution.
Despite being associated with a specific time and place in American history, these themes have allowed Westerns to be produced and enjoyed across the world. Western films commonly feature as their protagonists stock characters such as cowboys, gunslingers, and bounty hunters, often depicted as semi-nomadic wanderers who wear Stetson hats, bandannas, spurs, and buckskins, use revolvers or rifles as everyday tools of survival, and ride between dusty towns and cattle ranches on trusty steeds.
Western films were enormously popular in the silent era. However, with the advent of sound in the major Hollywood studios rapidly abandoned Westerns, leaving the genre to smaller studios and producers, who churned out countless low-budget fea- tures and serials. Western films often depict conflicts with Native Americans. Other recurring themes of Westerns include West- ern treks or perilous journeys or groups of bandits terrorising small towns such as in The Magnificent Seven.
Early Westerns were mostly filmed in the studio, just like other early Hollywood films, but when location shooting became more common from the s, producers of Westerns used desolate corners of the American Southwest.
Often, the vast landscape becomes more than a vivid backdrop; it becomes a charac- ter in the film. After the early s, various wide screen formats such as cinemascope and VistaVision used the expanded width of the screen to display spectacular Western landscapes.
Readership began to drop off in the mid- to late s and has reached a new low in the s. During this time, thousands of pioneers pushed their way westward in search of land, better lives, gold and silver, and sometimes, to escape the law.
Tall, strikingly handsome leading man of films and television in the s and s, Denzel Washington was the middle child of the 3 children of a Pentecostal minister father and a beautician mother. After graduating from high school, Denzel enrolled at Fordham University intent on a career in journalism.
However, he caught the acting bug while appearing in student drama productions and, upon graduation, he moved to San Francisco and enrolled at the American Conservatory Theater. He left A. With his acting versatility and powerful sexual presence, he had no difficulty finding work in numerous television productions.
He made his first big screen appearance in Carbon Copy with George Segal. Through the s, he worked in both movies and television and was chosen for the plum role of Dr.
Chandler in NBC's hit medical series St. Elsewhere , a role that he would play for 6 years. In , he won the Oscar for Best Supporting Actor for his portrayal of Tripp, the runaway slave in Edward Zwick's powerful historical masterpiece Glory He lives quietly in LosAngeles with his wife, Pauletta Washington, and their 4 children.
Cerebral and meticulous in his film work, he made his debut as a director in with Antwone Fisher He began his career via television in the s and has continued both in television and film since which includes comedy, drama and ac- tion roles. He is very well renowned for the role of John McClane in the Die Hard series, which were critical and financial successes and also tremendous hits. Willis is the eldest of four children: he has a sister Florence and a brother, David.
His brother Robert who died of pancreatic cancer in was aged 42 then. His first wife is actress Demi Moore. They were married for 11 years and they have 3 children together. His second wife is Emma Heming. At the age of only 31, Kate has already starred in the biggest movie of all time and landed an amaz- ing five Oscar nominations for her work. Widely recognized as a great actress, Winslet can seemingly do it all, from drama to comedy and back again. Of course, the consecutive records — youngest to receive three, four, and five Oscar nominations — all fell as Kate Winslet continued to make films and one can only wonder how high the number can go.
In , it was announced that Kate Winslet would re-team with her co-star in Titanic for Revolutionary Road, a film was released in Clyde developed a lung condition that required him to move his family from Iowa to the warmer climate of southern California, where they tried ranching in the Mojave Desert. Until the ranch failed, Marion and his younger brother Robert E.
Morrison swam in an irrigation ditch and rode a horse to school. He did well at school both academically and in football. When he narrowly failed admission to Annapolis he went to USC on a football scholarship — Tom Mix got him a summer job as a prop man in exchange for football tickets. On the set he became close friends with director John Ford for whom, among others, he began doing bit parts, some billed as John Wayne.
His first featured film was Men Without Women He appeared in nearly movies, many of epic proportions. From — he was in a radio series, The Three Sheets to the Wind, and in he helped found the Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals, a right-wing political organization, later becoming its President.
His conservative political stance was also reflected in The Alamo , which he produced, directed and starred in. His patriotic stand was enshrined in The Green Berets which he co-directed and starred in. Over the years Wayne was beset with health problems. In September he had a cancerous left lung removed; in March there was heart valve replacement surgery; and in January his stomach was removed. A Congressional Gold Medal was struck in his honor in Wyat was educated at St. During his career, he served a number of diplomatic missions and was knighted in , but his fame rests on his poetic achievements, particularly his songs.
His poems are unusual for their time in car- rying a strong sense of individuality. In this metre a couplet is a pair of lines, rhyming and of five iambic feet. Rejecting the dense intellectual verse of Meta- physical poetry, he adopted generalizing statement, easy associative development, and urbane social comment. He gave American English dignity and vitality of its own. He has been called Father of American Scholarship and Education.
His blue-backed speller books taught five generations of American children how to spell and read, and made their education more secular and less religious. While teaching in a school, Webster became dissatisfied with texts for children that ignored the American culture, and he began his lifelong efforts to promote a distinc- tively American education. He was the last lexicographer of the English language to be remembered for his personality and as a public figure as well as for his work.
A profoundly earnest and sincere thinker, he displayed a high seriousness tempered with tenderness and a love of simplicity. The publication of Lyrical Ballads came as a shock. The manifesto and the ac- companying poems thus set forth a new style, a new vocabulary, and new subjects for poetry, all of the foreshadowing 20th-century developments. Thereafter his influence was felt through- Writers The longer the life the more the offense, the more the offense the more the pain, the more the pain the less defense and the less defense the less the gain.
All the miseries and evils which men suffer from vice, crime, ambition, injustice, oppression, slavery and war, proceed from their despising or neglecting the precepts contained in the Bible. Unaffected modesty is the sweetest charm of female excellence, the richest gem in the diadem of her honor. Every child in America should be acquainted with his own country. He should read books that furnish him with ideas that will be useful to him in life and practice.
As soon as he opens his lips, he should rehearse the history of his own country. But what is tyranny? Or how can a free people be deprived of their liberties?
Tyranny is the exercise of some power over a man, which is not warranted by law, or necessary for the public safety.
People can never be deprived of their liberties, while they retain in their own hands, a power sufficient to any other power in the state. Poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: it takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquility.
In the 20th century his reputation was strengthened both by recognition of his importance in the Romantic Movement and by an appreciation of the darker elements in his personality and verse.
One of most famous American poets, he is often called the father of free verse. His major work Leaves of Grass was first published in with his own money. The work, which became a landmark in the history of American literature, was an attempt at reaching out to the common person with an American epic. While working as a schoolteacher, printer, and journalist he began experimenting with a new style of poetry. By the spring of Whitman had enough poems in his new style for a thin volume.
Unable to find a publisher, he sold a house and printed the first edition of Leaves of Grass at his own expense.
All his life he continued to add new and new poems to he collection of Leaves of Grass which was claimed to immoral by the Society for the Suppression of Vice and many critics. Despite the accusations, it went through nine editions. Whitman com- pared the finished book to a cathedral long under construction, and on another occasion to a tree, with its cumulative rings of growth. During the First World War she lived in France and worked tirelessly in efforts for refugees and, in was awarded the Cross of the Legion of Honour in recognition of her commitment to charity.
The scope of her relief work included setting up work- rooms for unemployed Frenchwomen, organizing concerts to provide work for musi- cians, opening tuberculosis hospitals and founding the American Hostels for Belgian refugees.
Her novel The Valley of Decision was published in , followed in by the criti- A morning-glory at my window satisfies me more than the metaphysics of books. I am as bad as the worst, but, thank God, I am as good as the best. I have learned that to be with those I like is enough. The art of art, the glory of expression and the sunshine of the light of letters, is simplicity. The future is no more uncertain than the present. Keep your face always toward the sunshine - and shadows will fall behind you.
This is what you shall do; Love the earth and sun and the animals, despise riches, give alms to every one that asks, stand up for the stupid and crazy, devote your income and labor to others, hate tyrants, argue not concerning God, have patience and indulgence toward the people, take off your hat to nothing known or unknown or to any man or number of men, go freely with powerful uneducated persons and with the young and with the mothers of families, read these leaves in the open air every season of every year of your life, re-examine all you have been told at school or church or in any book, dismiss whatever insults your own soul, and your very flesh shall be a great poem and have the richest fluency not only in its words but in the silent lines of its lips and face and between the lashes of your eyes and in every motion and joint of your body.
There is no God any more divine than Yourself. Battles are lost in the same spirit in which they are won. Be curious, not judgmental. It is classic because of a certain eternal and irrepressible freshness. True originality consists not in a new manner but in a new vision. Everything may be labelled — but everybody is not.
Silence may be as variously shaded as speech. The air of ideas is the only air worth breathing. Wodehouse was educated at Dulwich College, London, and, after a period in a bank, took a job as a journalist and wrote for many publications. After he lived and worked for long periods in the United States and in France. He was captured in France by the Germans in and spent much of the war interned in Berlin.
In he made five radio broadcasts from there to the United States in which he humorously described his experiences as a prisoner and subtly ridiculed his captors. His use of enemy broad- casting facilities evoked deep and lasting resentment in Britain, however, which was then practically under siege by Germany. After the war Wodehouse settled in the United States, becoming a citizen in He was knighted in He delighted in vivid, far-fetched imagery and in slang.
His plots are highly com- plicated and carefully planned. The young bachelor Bertie Wooster and his effortlessly superior manservant, Jeeves have been immortal- ized by many screen versions.
The last one was made in the s by Granada Televi- sion , starring Hugh Laurie and Stephen Fry Virginia WOOLF — , British author who made an original contribu- tion to the form of the novel and was one of the most distinguished critics of her time. She was educated at home by her father, and, after his death in , lived in Gor- don Square, London, which became the centre of the Bloomsbury group.
In she married Leonard Woolf, and in they founded the Hogarth Press, which published her books. In Mrs. Dalloway and To the Lighthouse , she extended her technical mastery; above all, she gave to each of these novels a tightly organized form, partly by using poetic devices such as recurrent images and partly by restricting the time of the action. Orlando is a historical fantasy with evocations of England, and especial- ly literary England, from Elizabeth I to In , a film version of the novel was released starring Nicole Kidman as Woolf, a role for which she won the Academy Award for Best Actress.
He began writing poetry at high school when he made the deci- sion to become both a writer and a doctor, two careers he successfully sustained through- out his life.